Around 40 per cent of the Indian coast is subjected to coastal erosion according to a new study conducted in coordination by various agencies.
The ministry of environment and forests through the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, Chennai in association with the Institute of Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai has conducted a study regarding “assessment of shore line change for the entire coast of mainland India, extending from Gujarat in the west coast to West Bengal in the east coast”.
A statement issued by water resources ministry states that the shoreline change was assessed for a period of 38 years from 1972 – 2010. The entire coastline of India has been classified into high, medium and low erosion stretches as well as stable coastline stretch. The study has revealed that around 40 per cent of the Indian coast is subjected to some level of erosion.
A map of Indian coastline has been prepared by Space Application Centre, Ahmedabad in association with the Central Water Commission and was published this May as the “Shore line Change Atlas of the Indian Coast”.
The water resources ministry had in 1995 constituted a Coastal Protection Development Advisory Committee (CPDAC) under the Chairmanship of Member, Central Water Commission to study the coastal erosion processes in the country and measures required to tackle the problem in a scientific and coordinated manner. Present revelation calls for serious measures to handle the situation immediately. As coastal management comes into states’purview, the Center needs to make an immediate coordinated effort to tackle the situation.