An average Indian is using 11 antibiotic tablets per year these days, pushing the total consumption to 12.9 billion units in 2010, up by 62% compared to 8 billion units in 2001. The consumption is growing alarmingly here in India and other developing nations – Russia, Brazil, China and South Africa -the BRICS countries, says a new study “Global Trends in Antibiotic Consumption, 2000-2010,” by scientists from Princeton University.
Ramanan Laxminarayan, one of the lead authors of the report told, “Indians consume around 11 antibiotic tablets per year. That’s five days of antibiotics for every person in the country… However both India and China’s numbers are lesser than the Americans who on average pop 22 antibiotic pills a year. The paper confirms that global use of antibiotics is surging, and especially in India.”
Due to this rising consumption of antibiotics, new strains of antibiotic resistant bacteria is growing and infecting about 2 million public every year. Of these, 35 thousand persons are eventually dyeing. The WHO has raised the alarm on the situation and called anti bacteria resistance a new global menace. another study in the area has revealed that some 95% of health care professionals say they sometimes prescribe antibiotics to patients even when they aren’t sure they’re needed. As many as 85% of patients say they requested antibiotics because they felt it would cure their illness, and 65% say they asked for them in order to feel better quickly.
Professor Dame Sally Davies, chief medical officer for England and chief scientific adviser for the Department of Health, London said, “The soaring number of antibiotic-resistant infections poses such a great threat to society that in 20 years’ time we could be taken back to a 19th century environment where everyday infections kill us as a result of routine operations.”
Use of antibiotics peaks at different seasons in different zones of the world, mostly centered around the monsoon. Hence people are advised extreme caution and diligence.