Researchers from University of Hyderabad and IIT-Kharagpur said Climate change will gradually force larger plant species, endemic to biodiversity hotspots in the country, to “shift” to other conducive environments.
About 24 per cent of existing endemic species in Indian biodiversity hots-pots will be reduced by 2050 and 41 per cent will be lost by 2080. Species species in the Eastern Ghats and Nalla-malla forests already lost by UoH scientist’s estimation.
Scientists from UoH and IIT Kharagpur studied about 637 large plant species endemic to biodiversity hotspots in Western Ghats, Himalayas and the Indo-Burma region.
We wanted to see how endemism was getting affected due to different anthropogenic and climate processes. Expansive studies of these species were rapt by Dr Vishwa Sudhir Chitale and Dr Mukund Dev Behera of IIT Kharagpur and Dr Parth Sarathi Roy of UoH.
Various bio-climatic and anthropogenic factors are impacting this deed. ,” Dr Parth Sarathi Roy, Geospatial chair professor, University centre for earth and space sciences, UoH said that these species are very sensitive to external factors.
Scientists presage that species endemic to the Western Ghats will shift to south and south western directions while species endemic to the Himalayas will shift north and north eastwards. UoH scientists will also tackle a study of the East-ern Ghats and Nallamalla forests in AP and TS. Dr Roy said “Where these species can’t shift, they are trying to confine themselves leading to range reduction”.