Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, usually characterized by chronic airway inflammation. It is defined by the history of respiratory symptoms such as wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness and cough that vary over time and in intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation.
Although Asthma is usually associated with airway hyper-responsiveness and airway inflammation, but these are not necessary or sufficient to make the diagnosis.
Changing one’s lifestyle has proved to be an effective way of reducing the risk of asthma attacks.
· Allergens like house dust mites, animal dander, pollen and cockroach droppings.
· Irritants like of tobacco smoke, pollution, strong odours or fumes.
· Emotional anxiety and stress may also increase asthma symptoms and trigger an attack.
· Viral and bacterial infections such as the common cold and sinusitis.
· Exposure to cold, dry air or weather changes.
· Acid reflux, with or without heartburn.
· Keep yourself away from allergic substances and things
· Have dairy-free food as many people have food hypersensitivity that sets off immune process, which in turn causes inflammation. When this inflammation affects the airways it can cause an asthma attack. During this time, keep dairy products off your limits. Take a doctor’s advice on avoiding eggs, soy, wheat, shellfish, and sulphite additives used in food processing and preparation.
· Try out some probiotics: Supplements containing live bacteria can boost the immune system, making it less likely to set off an inflammatory response.
· Pop some vitamins: There are several vitamins that support your immune system and help control inflammation that are important, for people with asthma. They include Vitamins C, D, and E. Most people already get enough C and E in their daily diet, but Vitamin D deficiency is quite common..
· Always keep your nasal passage clear: In most of the cases where the nasal passage is choked, it becomes difficult to breathe and it strains your airways. Use a saline spray to clear your nasal passages.
· Quit smoking: Cigarette smoking can aggravate your asthma and increase the frequency and severity of asthma attacks..