India creates History, inserts Mangalyaan into Mars orbit in 3 hours

MangalyaanIndia has successfully placed its first Mars orbiter mission ‘Mangalyaan’ into the Martian orbit on Wednesday. The orbiter was placed in a record three hours time.

India has now become the first country in the world which has successfully placed the orbiter in its maiden attempt. India is also the first Asian nation to reach Mars.

The European Space Agency, United States and former Soviet Union are the only others who successfully launched Mars Orbiter Mission.

The Mangalyaan is placed 515 km away from the red planet’s surface and 215 million km away from the earth in radio distance.

The insertion began at 4:17 am as the spacecraft switched over to the medium gain antenna for emitting and receiving radio signals. During the crucial operation, when an eclipse occurred on Mars from 7:12 am, the 440 Newton liquid apogee motor (LAM) of the main engine started burning at 7:30 am and lasted for 24 minutes till 7:54 am for inserting the spacecraft into the Martian orbit.

Medaram Jathara

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