Iron-nickel meteorites are a common class of space rocks found on Earth, and previous examples have been seen on Mars, but this one, called “Egg Rock,” is the first on Mars examined with a laser-firing spectrometre, NASA said in a statement on Thursday.
The researchers used Curiosity’s Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument to examine the object.
“Iron meteorites provide records of many different asteroids that broke up, with fragments of their cores ending up on Earth and on Mars,” said ChemCam team member Horton Newsom of University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, US.
“Mars may have sampled a different population of asteroids than Earth has,” Newsom said.
In addition, the study of iron meteorites found on Mars — including examples found previously by Mars rovers — can provide information about how long exposure to the Martian environment has affected them, in comparison with how Earth’s environment affects iron meteorites.
Egg Rock may have fallen to the surface of Mars many millions of years ago. Researchers will be analyzing the ChemCam data from the first few laser shots at each target point and data from subsequent shots at the same point, to compare surface versus interior chemistry, NASA said.
Egg Rock was found along the rover’s path up a layer of lower Mount Sharp called the Murray formation, where sedimentary rocks hold records of ancient lakebed environments on Mars.